It is a common knowledge that when you have a slow metabolism, you gain weight easily, and when on the other way around, you will be having hard time gaining weight.
No wonder why you see couple of your friends who have a very strong appetite and most of the time you see them eating frequently and yet they still maintain their weight and seems not getting fat. And here comes some of your friends who ate slow but are those who have the most of that extra fats.
Well, these list of information about your metabolism will surely give you more ideas and answers the questions you have had about metabolism.
1. “Improving” your metabolism isn’t necessarily as simple as working out more or eating specific foods less.
“There can be a lot of reasons for why metabolism differs from one person to the next,” Dr. Florence Comite, a New York City-based endocrinologist who specializes in precision medicine, tells BuzzFeed Life. “Hormonal indicators, thyroid function, the way the cycle works in women, the way hormones go up and down in men, and how all that interfaces with the way you work out, eat, and sleep.”
2. You really shouldn’t compare yourself to other people.
“Metabolism is really specific to each person — people don’t recognize that it’s about the individual, and you have to know your own genetic makeup to really understand it,” Comite says. “I like to reference the fact that I’m an identical twin,” she says. “And [my twin and I] put on weight differently, the way we work out affects us differently. And that’s true for every human being.”
3. Your sleep habits may have just as much of an effect on your metabolism as what you eat and how much you work out.
“If you’re underslept, you may not metabolize sugar in the same way,” Comite says. More and more research is pointing to the idea that not getting enough sleep might be a contributing factor to gaining weight and its associated diseases, for a variety of reasons. In certain sleep studies conducted in laboratories, for example, people who were forced to get too little sleep actually developed some level of insulin resistance — which is a precursor to diabetes. Other research shows that not getting enough sleep makes you crave high-calorie, low-nutrient-dense foods more than you normally do, which makes you more likely to overeat foods that aren’t great for you.
4. Stress can also be a factor!
Chronic stress has been linked to excess belly fat, Comite says. This is a problem because this type of fat (compared to lower-body fat in your butt and hips and thighs) is more heavily associated with diabetes, heart disease, and other bad health stuff. The thinking is that when you’re chronically stressed, you have too much of the stress hormone cortisol hanging around. And that cortisol (as with many other hormones) can really mess with your metabolism.
5. You may have heard about basal metabolic rate, or BMR. That refers to the energy your body uses just by existing, when you’re doing nothing at all.
Technically it’s how many calories your body burns when you’re at rest, after having not eaten for 12 hours, Jensen says. Your body uses energy to keep your organs and other bodily functions running the way they’re supposed to.
For most people, the largest percentage of their daily calorie burn comes from their BMR. Here’s a calculator that can help you figure out your BMR. And here’s a big disclaimer about why this calculator may not really apply to you.
6. Muscles really do burn more calories than fat.
As BuzzFeed Life previously reported in another story: “The more lean tissue you’ve got, the more calories it takes to keep going, even if you’re just lying in bed doing nothing,” Jensen said. Lean tissue applies to your organs like your liver, heart, and kidneys, and it also refers to your muscles — your muscles use more calories during the day than your fat does. “Fat is the lowest-burning tissue in the body,” Jensen says.
This is why the BMR estimates are different for men and women — in general, men tend to have lower body fat percentage than women do. “If you have a man and a woman who both weigh 70 kilograms, on average the man is going to have less fat and more lean tissue,” Jensen says. “So even at the same weight, men are going to tend to burn more calories when they’re lying around doing nothing. They don’t have as much body fat.”
7. Eating protein will help you build muscles; eating fewer carbs will help you burn fat more quickly.
To simplify something super-complicated into a few short sentences: Your body needs protein to help your muscles grow. And when you eat a lot of carbs, your body will turn to that as a source of fuel before it turns to energy from your fat. So if your goal is fat loss, you should know that eating foods with less carbohydrates will help you achieve that goal more quickly. And if your goal is to grow and strengthen your muscles, you should make sure you’re getting enough protein.
8. Working out is super-important for your metabolism (and also your general health). And interval training and resistance training are the best.
“Interval training and weight training are how you signal to your body to build more muscle,” Tim Coyle, exercise physiologist at ComiteMD, tells BuzzFeed Life. And more muscle = a better metabolism. Twenty-five minutes of high-intensity interval training is a better strategy than 45 minutes going the same moderate pace on the treadmill, by the way.
Coyle explains it this way: “In order to boost your metabolism, you want to become more inefficient, or wasteful, in terms of energy. Think of a car in New York City compared to a car on the highway. City fuel mileage is always lower than highway miles-per-gallon for a given vehicle. This is because of acceleration (intensity). Slamming on the accelerator at every green light and on the brakes at every red light (as in high-intensity interval training) is a huge waste of gas (read: energy), whereas cruising at 60 mph and ~2000 rpm is about as efficient as it gets for a car (think longer, slower exercise). If you want to boost your metabolism, and lose weight, the best way to do it is to ‘waste as much fuel’ as possible.”
Here are nine high-intensity total-body workouts that you can try out.
9. Fun tip: If you drink coffee before a workout, that can help you burn more fat.
The caffeine in coffee will free up your fat cells for your body to use as an energy source, Coyle says. And it’ll also give you a jolt, which means that you might actually be able to work out harder than you normally would.
10. And eating protein within half an hour after working out will help you build more muscles.
“When you work out, you break down muscle tissue and your body absolutely depends on protein in order to build that muscle back up,” Albert Matheny, R.D., C.S.C.S., co-founder of Soho Strength Lab and advisor at Naked Nutrition, told BuzzFeed Life in a previous story. He recommends getting in a good source of protein within 30 minutes of working out. A Greek yogurt would be a good option. Source: Buzzfeed